Financial accountability vital – COPE

Forty-eight loss-making institutions identified:

Financial accountability vital – COPE

The latest Report of the Committee on Public Enterprises (COPE) of
2010/2011 will be a definite eye-opener if not a ‘shock treatment’ for
state sector institutions including the ministries under whose purview
they come.

Out of the 229 enterprises which went under the microscope of the
31-member COPE committee, 48 institutions were making losses, it was
revealed the Parliament.

Among them were the Sri Lanka Tea Board, State Pharmaceutical
Corporation, the Sri Jayawardena General Hospital, Samurdhi Authority,
CPC, Sri Lankan airlines, Mihin Air, Sri Lanka ports Authority, RDA and


Senior Minister and COPE Chairman, DEW Gunasekera stressed that poor
public sector financial accountability has become a crucial factor and
poor attention given to the maintenance of corporate/procurement plans,
audit and annual reports was alarming to the level of needing immediate
rectifying action.

“This is a must to avoid a complete collapse of the public sector.”
he observed presenting the Report in Parliament.

The Report has pointed out the need to strengthen the Department of
the Auditor General, giving it more space to function independently and
without fear or favour.

It was their unanimous decision that the rulings of the Auditor
General should be implemented within the said year, instead of being
unduly delayed as was being done at present.

It also emphasised the need to enhance financial accountability
giving serious thought to retain professional accountants in the public
sector, giving additional payment if necessary.

The Committee which began examining institutions on August 4, 2010,
concluded sittings on November 18, 2011.


During this time span, heads of the 229 institutions were summoned
and questioned about transactions and their performance. Previous COPE
committees between 2006 to 2010 had only scrutinised 110 institutions.
The findings along with observations and recommendations were tabled in
Parliament in a 176-page document on December 1.

The Committee divided into four to expedite findings the Main
Committee headed by Minister Gunasekera, Committee I headed by Minister
Susil Premajayantha, Committee II headed by UNP MP Karu Jayasuriya and
Committee III headed by Deputy Minister Lasantha Alagiyawanna.

They were given responsibilities on the basis of sectors namely –
Finance, Agriculture, Media and Health and Education to expedite the
process. The main committee took over 92 institutions while the others
examined 39, 39 and 59 respectively’.

COPE in its report observed that ‘Audit is an integral part of the
concept of transparency and accountability, be it to the share holders,
management, administrations or the legislature.

It also noted that Audit acts as an aid to management and
administration which are complementary not adversarial. This crucial
aspect needs wider appreciation, COPE said observing that audit and
management committees of many state institutions were defunct and in
some instances had not even been appointed at all.

The above committee of the National Institute of Business Management
under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and skills had met only once in

The members observed that audit has to be used as a tool to enhance
the economy, efficiency and effectiveness of enterprises as against a
regulating tool.


Among the many findings, it has been noted that the failure to
prepare, implement and stick to corporate and action plans and
procurement plans has been detrimental and led to the downfall of the
companies in question.

Lanka Sathosa, Ceylon Shipping, the Buddhist and Pali University, the
State Printing Corporation, NARA and Sri Jayawardenapura University were
mentioned by COPE as having faltered in their responsibility. It has
been found that some institutions have prepared corporate plans just for
the purpose of mere submission.

The Committee has recommended the performance of the corporate plan
and has to be reviewed at least quarterly while a procurement plan has
to be made soon after allocations are made from the Budget.

It has also found fault with institutions for a failure of tabling of
Annual Reports. Many have overlooked this important task and the
Agricultural and Agrarian Insurance Board, Institute of Printing and the
Sri Lanka Institute of Local Governance had not presented Annual Reports
to Parliament after 2005. Sri Lankan Airlines and Mihin Lanka had not
tabled annual reports in the Parliament at all.


COPE has strongly recommended that any organisation with government
owned shares must prepare and table Annual Reports as a means of public

Recovery of debts and others were seen as a serious issue in the
public sector. These include recoveries from retired staff, recoveries
from officers who had been transferred, amounts to be recovered due to
breach of agreements, dues from other institutions for services
provided, dues to be recovered from external parties.

The amount to be recovered in institutions in the higher education
sector, (due to breach of agreements),

The J’pura University Rs. 69m, Moratuwa University Rs.17m, Open
University Rs. 40m, Hector Kobbekaduwa Agrarian Research and Training
Institute Rs. 11m, and the University of Peradeniya Rs.105m.

Among other such institutions, Mihin Lanka owed Rs. 10,000,000 to Sri
Lanka Rupavahini and interest for a loan of Rs. 500m it obtained from
Airport and Aviation Services Pvt. Ltd was pending as of today.

Sri Lanka Shipping Corporation owed Rs.50million to SLPA. Sri Lanka
Rubber Manufacturing and Export Corporation had to repay Rs.115m and Rs.
1,385 to the People’s Bank and the Treasury respectively.

Under dues payable from external parties, COPE observed that Sri
Lanka Rupavahini Corporation had not taken action to recover Rs. 42.64m
from various political parties for the use of airtime.

The Committee categorised institutions summoned as follows:
Institutions with a stable financial position;

Running at break-even,

With decreasing revenue,

Running at a loss. The last two categories were given much emphasis.

The Committee sought an amendment to Standing Order 126 to allow
organisations such as the CEB subsidiary LECO to be examined in keeping
with its mandate of public accountability. It also said the Committee
must be empowered to summon ex-board members before COPE as many cases
could not be examined since the present members refused to take any

They also sought permission to revise outdated procedures such as
those governing new recruitments since these have ‘seriously affected
the efficiency of public enterprises’.

The Committee also recommended the closure of redundant and duplicate
institutions which are a ‘drain on public funds’.

COPE spoke of a number of institutions where PAYE tax of employees
has been settled by the institutions itself, on an understating of trade
unions and the Treasury.

The Report was critical of this practice since it had a double
effect; it will reduce tax payable by the institution since profits are
reduced and unfair by the tax payers of other institutions.

Moreover, this runs counter to the concept of Income Tax.

It has also sought giving wider powers to the Land Reclamation and
Development Corporation, since provisions to stop illegal filling of
land are limited.

Amendment of Acts to enable public enterprises to function in a
broader scope was also among the key recommendations.

The Committee strongly criticised the practice of granting loans by
profit making enterprises to others.

Institutions with decreasing revenue 2010

State Mortgage and Investment Bank, Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation
and Sri Lanka Telecom

Institutions running at a loss – 2010

Sri Lanka Tea Board, Tea Small Holdings Development Authority, Tea
Shakthi Fund, National Youth Services Council, Human Resource
Development Council, National Child Protection Authority, Thurusaviya
Fund, Sri Lanka Foundation, Ceylon Ceramic Corporation Sri Lanka
Inventors Commission, Janatha Estate Development Board, Sri Lanka State
Plantation Corporation, Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation, Industrial
Development Board, State Pharmaceutical Corporation, State
Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Corporation, Sri Jayawardenapura General
Hospital, Vijaya Kumaratunga Memorial Hospital, Samurdhi Authority of
Sri Lanka, Ceylon Petroleum Corporation, Atomic Energy Authority, Sri
Lanka Mahaweli Authority, Water Resources Board, National Dangerous
Drugs Control Board, Sugathadasa National Sports Complex Authority, Sri
Lanka Press Council, National Gem and Jewellery Authority, Sri Lankan
Airlines, Mihin Air Ltd, Ceylon Shipping Corporation, CWE, Paddy
Marketing Board, State Trading (wholesale) Company Ltd., Social Security
Board, Sri Lanka Ports Authority, National Disaster Management Centre,
Road Development Authority, Sri Lanka Transport Board, National Housing
and Development Authority, Urban Development Authority, Water Supply and
Drainage Board, National Aquatic Development Authority, Ceylon Fisheries
Corporation, Ceylon Fishery Harbour Corporation, National Enterprise
Development Authority, Sri Lanka Ayurvedic Drugs Corporation and Sri
Lanka Advanced Technological Education.


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